Windows下读取 ACPI Tabel

Windows下读取 ACPI Table 的正经做法是使用EnumSystemFirmwareTables和GetSystemFirmwareTable。下面是一个来自【参考1】的例子,读取系统中的 MSDM Table 并且显示出来。读取结果可以和之前介绍过的 FirmwareTablesView 读取结果结合起来对照,二者是相同的。

// getdsdt.cpp : Defines the entry point for the console application.
//

#include "stdafx.h"
#include "Windows.h"

int main()
{
	DWORD FirmwareTableProviderSignature;
	PVOID pFirmwareTableBuffer;
	DWORD BufferSize;
	UINT  BytesWritten;
	DWORD FirmwareTableID;
	DWORD *pFirmwareTableID;
	BOOL  foundTable = FALSE;
	BOOL  verbose = TRUE;


	FirmwareTableProviderSignature = 'ACPI';
	pFirmwareTableBuffer = NULL;
	BufferSize = NULL;

	// get buffer size, call with null values
	BufferSize = EnumSystemFirmwareTables(FirmwareTableProviderSignature,
		NULL,
		NULL);

	// alloc memory
	pFirmwareTableBuffer = malloc(BufferSize);

	// enum acpi tables
	BytesWritten = EnumSystemFirmwareTables(FirmwareTableProviderSignature,
		pFirmwareTableBuffer,
		BufferSize);

	// enumerate ACPI tables, look for MSDM table
	pFirmwareTableID = (DWORD*)pFirmwareTableBuffer;
	for (DWORD i = 0; i < BytesWritten / 4; i++)
	{
		FirmwareTableID = *pFirmwareTableID;
		if (verbose) printf("%.*s\n", 4, pFirmwareTableID);
		if (FirmwareTableID == _byteswap_ulong('MSDM')) {
			if (verbose) printf("Found MSDM table\n");
			foundTable = TRUE;
			break;
		}
		pFirmwareTableID++;
	}


	if (foundTable) {
		// get buffer size, call with null values
		BufferSize = GetSystemFirmwareTable(FirmwareTableProviderSignature,
			FirmwareTableID,
			NULL,
			NULL);
		// alloc memory
		pFirmwareTableBuffer = malloc(BufferSize);

		BytesWritten = GetSystemFirmwareTable(FirmwareTableProviderSignature,
			FirmwareTableID,
			pFirmwareTableBuffer,
			BufferSize);

		/*
		Table description form Miocrosoft at: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkId=234834

		Microsoft Software Licensing Tables (SLIC and MSDM)
		http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/windows/hardware/hh673514
		Byte 			Byte
		Field							Lenght			Offset	Description
		======							=====			======	===========
		Signature						4				0		MSDM
		Length							4				4		Length, in bytes, of the entire table.
		Revision						1				8		0x01
		Checksum						1				9		Checksum of the entire table.
		OEMID							6				10		An OEM-supplied string that identifies the OEM.
		OEM Table ID					8				16		Optional motherboard/BIOS logical identifier.
		OEM Revision					4				24		OEM revision number of the table for the supplied OEM Table ID.
		Creator ID						4				28		Vendor ID of the utility that created the table.
		Creator Revision				4				32		Revision of the utility that created the table.
		Software Licensing Structure	Variable length	36		Proprietary data structure that contains all the licensing
		data necessary to enable Windows activation.
		Details can be found in the appropriate Microsoft OEM
		licensing kit by first visiting the Microsoft OEM website
		(http://www.microsoft.com/oem/pages/index.aspx).
		*/

		BYTE *Signature = (BYTE*)memset(malloc(4 + 1), NULL, 4 + 1);
		UINT Length;
		BYTE Revision;
		BYTE Checksum;
		BYTE *OEMID = (BYTE*)memset(malloc(6 + 1), NULL, 6 + 1);
		BYTE *OEMTbleID = (BYTE*)memset(malloc(8 + 1), NULL, 8 + 1);
		BYTE OEMRev;
		BYTE *CreatorID = (BYTE*)memset(malloc(4 + 1), NULL, 4 + 1);
		UINT CreatorRev;
		UINT SLS_Size = BytesWritten - 36;
		BYTE *SLS = (BYTE*)memset(malloc(SLS_Size), NULL, SLS_Size);
		UINT SLS_Version;
		UINT SLS_Reserved;
		UINT SLS_DataType;
		UINT SLS_DataReserved;
		UINT SLS_DataLenght;
		BYTE *ProductKey = (BYTE*)memset(malloc(30 + 1), NULL, 30 + 1);


		memcpy_s(Signature, 4 + 1, (BYTE*)pFirmwareTableBuffer + 0, 4);
		Length = *(DWORD*)((BYTE*)pFirmwareTableBuffer + 4);
		Revision = *((BYTE*)pFirmwareTableBuffer + 8);
		Checksum = *((BYTE*)pFirmwareTableBuffer + 9);
		memcpy_s(OEMID, 6 + 1, (BYTE*)pFirmwareTableBuffer + 10, 6);
		memcpy_s(OEMTbleID, 8 + 1, (BYTE*)pFirmwareTableBuffer + 16, 8);
		OEMRev = *(DWORD*)((BYTE*)pFirmwareTableBuffer + 24);
		memcpy_s(CreatorID, 4 + 1, (BYTE*)pFirmwareTableBuffer + 28, 4);
		CreatorRev = *(DWORD*)((BYTE*)pFirmwareTableBuffer + 32);
		memcpy_s(SLS, SLS_Size, (BYTE*)pFirmwareTableBuffer + 36, SLS_Size);
		SLS_Version = *(DWORD*)((BYTE*)SLS);
		SLS_Reserved = *(DWORD*)((BYTE*)SLS + 4);
		SLS_DataType = *(DWORD*)((BYTE*)SLS + 8);
		SLS_DataReserved = *(DWORD*)((BYTE*)SLS + 12);
		SLS_DataLenght = *(DWORD*)((BYTE*)SLS + 16);
		memcpy_s(ProductKey, SLS_DataLenght, (BYTE*)SLS + 20, SLS_DataLenght);

		if (verbose) {
			printf("Signature         : %s\n", Signature);
			printf("Length            : %d\n", Length);
			printf("Revision          : %d\n", Revision);
			printf("Checksum          : %d\n", Checksum);
			printf("OEMID             : %s\n", OEMID);
			printf("OEM Table ID      : %s\n", OEMTbleID);
			printf("OEM Revision      : %d\n", OEMRev);
			printf("Creator ID        : %s\n", CreatorID);
			printf("Creator Revision  : %d\n", CreatorRev);
			printf("SLS Version       : %d\n", SLS_Version);
			printf("SLS Reserved      : %d\n", SLS_Reserved);
			printf("SLS Data Type     : %d\n", SLS_DataType);
			printf("SLS Data Reserved : %d\n", SLS_DataReserved);
			printf("SLS Data Lenght   : %d\n", SLS_DataLenght);
			printf("Key               : %s\n", ProductKey);
			/*printf ("\n\nPress [Enter] to continue . . .");
			fflush (stdout);
			getchar();*/
		}
		else {
			printf("%s", ProductKey);
		}
	}


	getchar();
    return 0;
}

 

运行结果:

参考:
1. https://pastebin.com/d7WFJ5ce

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