Adarfruit的触摸库

之前我介绍过一个MPR121 触摸传感器模块的库【参考1】,这次再介绍另外一个实现同样功能的库,差别在于这个新的库可以从Arduino IDE中直接下载到:
image001
国内买到的板子都是根据 Adafruit仿造的,下图就是 Adafruit的原图
image002
引出的 12个触摸脚,还有如下控制pin:
1.IRQ 可以做到按下时同时 Arduino
2.SDA/SCL I2C通讯用的
3.ADDR: 作用是选择I2C的地址,模块本身有下拉电阻,这里可以不接。默认地址是0x5B
image003
image004

4.GND 地
5. 3.3V 电源
6. VIN 模块本身有一个电压转换芯片,可以接入 5V
image005
运行库自带的例子,接线上只要接3.3V GND SDA SCL 四根线即可,这个库本身是用轮询的方法来处理引脚的触摸信息的。
代码如下:

/*********************************************************
This is a library for the MPR121 12-channel Capacitive touch sensor

Designed specifically to work with the MPR121 Breakout in the Adafruit shop 
  ----> https://www.adafruit.com/products/

These sensors use I2C communicate, at least 2 pins are required 
to interface

Adafruit invests time and resources providing this open source code, 
please support Adafruit and open-source hardware by purchasing 
products from Adafruit!

Written by Limor Fried/Ladyada for Adafruit Industries.  
BSD license, all text above must be included in any redistribution
**********************************************************/

#include <Wire.h>
#include "Adafruit_MPR121.h"

// You can have up to 4 on one i2c bus but one is enough for testing!
Adafruit_MPR121 cap = Adafruit_MPR121();

// Keeps track of the last pins touched
// so we know when buttons are 'released'
uint16_t lasttouched = 0;
uint16_t currtouched = 0;

void setup() {
  while (!Serial);        // needed to keep leonardo/micro from starting too fast!

  Serial.begin(9600);
  Serial.println("Adafruit MPR121 Capacitive Touch sensor test"); 
  
  // Default address is 0x5A, if tied to 3.3V its 0x5B
  // If tied to SDA its 0x5C and if SCL then 0x5D
  if (!cap.begin(0x5A)) {
    Serial.println("MPR121 not found, check wiring?");
    while (1);
  }
  Serial.println("MPR121 found!");
}

void loop() {
  // Get the currently touched pads
  currtouched = cap.touched();
  
  for (uint8_t i=0; i<12; i++) {
    // it if *is* touched and *wasnt* touched before, alert!
    if ((currtouched & _BV(i)) && !(lasttouched & _BV(i)) ) {
      Serial.print(i); Serial.println(" touched");
    }
    // if it *was* touched and now *isnt*, alert!
    if (!(currtouched & _BV(i)) && (lasttouched & _BV(i)) ) {
      Serial.print(i); Serial.println(" released");
    }
  }

  // reset our state
  lasttouched = currtouched;

  // comment out this line for detailed data from the sensor!
  return;
  
  // debugging info, what
  Serial.print("\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t 0x"); Serial.println(cap.touched(), HEX);
  Serial.print("Filt: ");
  for (uint8_t i=0; i<12; i++) {
    Serial.print(cap.filteredData(i)); Serial.print("\t");
  }
  Serial.println();
  Serial.print("Base: ");
  for (uint8_t i=0; i<12; i++) {
    Serial.print(cap.baselineData(i)); Serial.print("\t");
  }
  Serial.println();
  
  // put a delay so it isn't overwhelming
  delay(100);
}

 

运行结果:
image006
需要注意的是模块的地址问题,根据DataSheet ADDR 如果接到GND,地址应该是0x5B ,但是实际上是 0x5A。
参考:
1. http://www.lab-z.com/mpr121/ MPR121 触摸传感器模块
2. https://www.adafruit.com/products/1982

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注