Step to UEFI (46) ----- EFILOADEDIMAGEPROTOCOL的使用

上次介绍了如何在一个程序中直接调用另外的程序,那么在调用过程中是否有机会获得一些加载起来的EFI的信息呢?经过一番搜索,发现EFI_LOADED_IMAGE_PROTOCOL【参考1】。这个protocol的作用就是 “Can be used on any image handle to obtain information about the loaded image.”

elip

从定义上看,我们能够得到加载的Image的一些基本信息。在上次程序的基础上,添加一些代码来实验。

#include  <Uefi.h>
#include  <Library/UefiLib.h>
#include  <Library/ShellCEntryLib.h>

#include  <stdio.h>
#include  <stdlib.h>
#include  <wchar.h>

#include <Protocol/EfiShell.h>
#include <Library/ShellLib.h>

extern EFI_BOOT_SERVICES           	 *gBS;
extern EFI_SYSTEM_TABLE				 *gST;
extern EFI_RUNTIME_SERVICES 		 *gRT;

extern EFI_SHELL_PROTOCOL            *gEfiShellProtocol;
extern EFI_SHELL_ENVIRONMENT2 		 *mEfiShellEnvironment2;

extern EFI_HANDLE					 gImageHandle;
/**
  GET  DEVICEPATH
**/
EFI_DEVICE_PATH_PROTOCOL *
EFIAPI
ShellGetDevicePath (
  IN CHAR16                     * CONST DeviceName OPTIONAL
  )
{
  //
  // Check for UEFI Shell 2.0 protocols
  //
  if (gEfiShellProtocol != NULL) {
    return (gEfiShellProtocol->GetDevicePathFromFilePath(DeviceName));
  }

  //
  // Check for EFI shell
  //
  if (mEfiShellEnvironment2 != NULL) {
    return (mEfiShellEnvironment2->NameToPath(DeviceName));
  }

  return (NULL);
}

int
EFIAPI
main (
  IN int Argc,
  IN char **Argv
  )
{
  EFI_DEVICE_PATH_PROTOCOL 	*DevicePath;
  EFI_HANDLE				NewHandle;
  EFI_STATUS				Status;
  UINTN			ExitDataSizePtr;  
  CHAR16 					*R=L"HelloWorld.efi";
  EFI_LOADED_IMAGE_PROTOCOL	*ImageInfo = NULL;
  
  Print(L"File [%s]\n",R);

  DevicePath=ShellGetDevicePath(R);

  //
  // Load the image with:
  // FALSE - not from boot manager and NULL, 0 being not already in memory
  //
  Status = gBS->LoadImage(
    FALSE,
    gImageHandle,
    DevicePath,
    NULL,
    0,
    &NewHandle);  

  if (EFI_ERROR(Status)) {
    if (NewHandle != NULL) {
      gBS->UnloadImage(NewHandle);
    }
	Print(L"Error during LoadImage [%X]\n",Status);
    return (Status);
  }

  Status = gBS -> HandleProtocol (
						NewHandle,
						&gEfiLoadedImageProtocolGuid,
						&ImageInfo
						);
  Print(L"ImageBase [%lX]\n",ImageInfo->ImageBase);
  Print(L"ImageSize [%lX]\n",ImageInfo->ImageSize);

  //
  // now start the image, passing up exit data if the caller requested it
  //
  Status = gBS->StartImage(
                     NewHandle,
                     &ExitDataSizePtr,
                     NULL
              );
  if (EFI_ERROR(Status)) {
    if (NewHandle != NULL) {
      gBS->UnloadImage(NewHandle);
    }
	Print(L"Error during StartImage [%X]\n",Status);
    return (Status);
  }
  
  gBS->UnloadImage (NewHandle);  
  return EFI_SUCCESS;
}

 

特别注意,我们代码中需要使用这个Protocol的GUID,在INF中添加下面的引用即可。

[Protocols]
  gEfiLoadedImageProtocolGuid    

 

运行结果

elip2

可以看到显示的ImageSize就是 HelloWorld.efi的大小。

elip3

实验调用的代码比较特殊,如果直接调用CLIB编写的程序会导致错误。至于具体的原因,后续再进行研究。

实验的 HelloWorld.EFI 的代码在下面

#include <Uefi.h>
#include <Library/PcdLib.h>
#include <Library/UefiLib.h>
#include <Library/UefiApplicationEntryPoint.h>


/**
  The user Entry Point for Application. The user code starts with this function
  as the real entry point for the application.

  @param[in] ImageHandle    The firmware allocated handle for the EFI image.  
  @param[in] SystemTable    A pointer to the EFI System Table.
  
  @retval EFI_SUCCESS       The entry point is executed successfully.
  @retval other             Some error occurs when executing this entry point.

**/
EFI_STATUS
EFIAPI
UefiMain (
  IN EFI_HANDLE        ImageHandle,
  IN EFI_SYSTEM_TABLE  *SystemTable
  )
{
  Print(L"Hello,World! \r\n");
  Print(L"www.lab-z.com \r\n");
  
  return EFI_SUCCESS;
}

 

对应的INF

[Defines]
  INF_VERSION                    = 0x00010005
  BASE_NAME                      = HelloWorld
  FILE_GUID                      = 6987936E-ED34-44db-AE97-1FA5E4ED2116
  MODULE_TYPE                    = UEFI_APPLICATION
  VERSION_STRING                 = 1.0
  ENTRY_POINT                    = UefiMain

#
# The following information is for reference only and not required by the build tools.
#
#  VALID_ARCHITECTURES           = IA32 X64 IPF EBC
#

[Sources]
  HelloWorld.c

[Packages]
  MdePkg/MdePkg.dec
  MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec

[LibraryClasses]
  UefiApplicationEntryPoint
  UefiLib
  PcdLib

[FeaturePcd]

[Pcd]

 

实验完整代码下载

exec2
参考:

1.UEFI Spec 2.4 P265

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