Step to UEFI (41) ----- x64 的 FreqCalc程序

之前的一篇文章《Step to UEFI (9)----使用RDTSC计算当前CPU 频率》【参考1】给出了一个计算当前CPU频率的方法。不过 Tim 给我留言,他说这篇文章的程序无法在 x64下正常编译:

freq

我猜测原因是因为我的程序使用的内嵌汇编,内嵌汇编无法被X64的编译器正常编译的。关于这个说法可以看【参考2】。

动手在 UDK2014 下面实验,不过在看到描述的问题之前还是要走一段路的。

使用编译命令 build -a X64 -p AppPkg\AppPkg.dsc 得到下面的错误信息

c:\edk\AppPkg\AppPkg.dsc(94): error 000E: File/directory not found in workspace
        c:\edk\PerformancePkg\Library\DxeTscTimerLib\DxeTscTimerLib.inf

 

检查 AppPkg.dsc

修改

[LibraryClasses.X64]
  TimerLib|PerformancePkg/Library/DxeTscTimerLib/DxeTscTimerLib.inf

 

修改为

[LibraryClasses.X64]
  TimerLib|PerformancePkg/Library/TscTimerLib/DxeTscTimerLib.inf

 

再次编译,有下面的错误信息

Processing meta-data .. done!
Building ... c:\edk\MdePkg\Library\BaseLib\BaseLib.inf [X64]
        "C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\Vc\bin\x86_amd64\cl.exe" /Foc:\edk\Build\AppPkg\DEBUG_MYTOOLS\X64\MdePkg\Library\BaseLib\BaseLib\OUTPUT\.\CheckSum.obj /nologo /c /WX /GS- /W4 /Gs32768 /Gy /D UNICODE /O1ib2 /GL /FIAutoG
en.h /EHs-c- /GR- /GF /Zi /Gm /X /Zc:wchar_t /X /Zc:wchar_t /GL- /Ic:\edk\MdePkg\Library\BaseLib\X64  /Ic:\edk\MdePkg\Library\BaseLib  /Ic:\edk\Build\AppPkg\DEBUG_MYTOOLS\X64\MdePkg\Library\BaseLib\BaseLib\DEBUG  /Ic:\edk\MdePkg  /Ic:\edk\M
dePkg\Include  /Ic:\edk\MdePkg\Include\X64 c:\edk\MdePkg\Library\BaseLib\CheckSum.c
'C:\Program' 不是内部或外部命令,也不是可运行的程序或批处理文件。
NMAKE : fatal error U1077: '"C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\Vc\bin\x86_amd64\cl.exe' : return code '0x1' Stop.


build...
 : error 7000: Failed to execute command
        C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\Vc\bin\nmake.exe /nologo tbuild [c language=":edkBuildAppPkgDEBUG_MYTOOLSX64MdePkgLibraryBaseLibBaseLib"][/c]

build...
 : error 7000: Failed to execute command
        C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\Vc\bin\nmake.exe /nologo tbuild [c language=":edkBuildAppPkgDEBUG_MYTOOLSX64MdePkgLibraryBaseMemoryLibBaseMemoryLib"][/c]


build...
 : error F002: Failed to build module
        c:\edk\MdePkg\Library\BaseLib\BaseLib.inf [X64, MYTOOLS, DEBUG]

- Failed -
Build end time: 11:22:09, Mar.09 2015
Build total time: 00:00:03

 

尝试在命令行窗口直接运行"C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\Vc\bin\x86_amd64\cl.exe" 错误提示是:

C:\EDK>"C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\Vc\bin\x86_amd64\cl.exe"
系统找不到指定的路径。

 

这是因为目前的编译环境缺少 64位编译器。我使用的是 vs2008 express 版本,默认是没有 64位的cl.exe的。

找到 'x86_amd64' 拷贝到 "C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\VC\bin"

需要的朋友可以在这里下载到 x86_amd64

再次编译,然后就能看到 Tim 说的问题啦

C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\VC\bin

Building ... c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.inf [X64]
        "C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\Vc\bin\x86_amd64\cl.exe" /Foc:\edk\Build\AppPkg\DEBUG_MYTOOLS\X64\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc\OUTPUT\.\FreqCalc.obj /nologo /c /WX /GS- /W4 /Gs32768 /Gy /D UNICODE /O1ib2 /GL /
FIAutoGen.h /EHs-c- /GR- /GF /Zi /Gm /X /Zc:wchar_t /Ic:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc  /Ic:\edk\Build\AppPkg\DEBUG_MYTOOLS\X64\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc\DEBUG  /Ic:\edk\MdePkg  /Ic:\edk\MdePkg\Include  /Ic:\edk\MdePkg\Includ
e\X64  /Ic:\edk\ShellPkg  /Ic:\edk\ShellPkg\Include  /Ic:\edk\MdeModulePkg  /Ic:\edk\MdeModulePkg\Include c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.c
FreqCalc.c
c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.c(15) : error C4235: nonstandard extension used : '__asm' keyword not supported on this architecture
c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.c(18) : error C2146: syntax error : missing ';' before identifier 'mov'
c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.c(18) : warning C4550: expression evaluates to a function which is missing an argument list
c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.c(18) : error C2065: 'mov' : undeclared identifier
c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.c(18) : error C2146: syntax error : missing ';' before identifier 'dword'
c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.c(18) : error C2065: 'dword' : undeclared identifier
c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.c(18) : error C2146: syntax error : missing ';' before identifier 'ptr'
c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.c(18) : error C2065: 'ptr' : undeclared identifier
c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.c(18) : error C2146: syntax error : missing ';' before identifier 'value'
c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.c(19) : error C2065: 'eax' : undeclared identifier
c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.c(19) : error C2146: syntax error : missing ';' before identifier 'mov'
c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.c(19) : error C2065: 'mov' : undeclared identifier
c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.c(19) : error C2146: syntax error : missing ';' before identifier 'dword'
c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.c(19) : error C2065: 'dword' : undeclared identifier
c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.c(19) : error C2146: syntax error : missing ';' before identifier 'ptr'
c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.c(19) : error C2065: 'ptr' : undeclared identifier
c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.c(19) : error C2109: subscript requires array or pointer type
c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.c(20) : error C2065: 'edx' : undeclared identifier
c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.c(20) : error C2143: syntax error : missing ';' before '}'
NMAKE : fatal error U1077: '"C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\Vc\bin\x86_amd64\cl.exe"' : return code '0x2'
Stop.


build...
 : error 7000: Failed to execute command
        C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\Vc\bin\nmake.exe /nologo tbuild [c language=":edkBuildAppPkgDEBUG_MYTOOLSX64AppPkgApplicationsFreqCalcFreqCalc"][/c]


build...
 : error F002: Failed to build module
        c:\edk\AppPkg\Applications\FreqCalc\FreqCalc.inf [X64, MYTOOLS, DEBUG]

- Failed -
Build end time: 11:26:31, Mar.09 2015
Build total time: 00:01:16

 

然后就考虑如何解决,网上搜索了一下,有人遇到同样的问题【参考3】,具体的解决方法在【参考4】

简单的说,就是单独写一个 asm 然后在对应的 Inf中声明一下即可。

针对我遇到的问题,程序如下

FreqCalc.inf

## @file
#  Sample UEFI Application Reference EDKII Module
#
#  This is a sample shell application that will print "UEFI Hello World!" to the 
#  UEFI Console based on PCD setting.
#
#  It demos how to use EDKII PCD mechanism to make code more flexible.
#
#  Copyright (c) 2008 - 2011, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.<BR>
#
#  This program and the accompanying materials
#  are licensed and made available under the terms and conditions of the BSD License
#  which accompanies this distribution. The full text of the license may be found at
#  http://opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php
#  THE PROGRAM IS DISTRIBUTED UNDER THE BSD LICENSE ON AN "AS IS" BASIS,
#  WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR REPRESENTATIONS OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED.
#
#
##

[Defines]
  INF_VERSION                    = 0x00010005
  BASE_NAME                      = FreqCalc
  FILE_GUID                      = 6987936E-ED34-44db-AE97-2FA5E4ED2216
  MODULE_TYPE                    = UEFI_APPLICATION
  VERSION_STRING                 = 1.0
  ENTRY_POINT                    = UefiMain 

#
# The following information is for reference only and not required by the build tools.
#
#  VALID_ARCHITECTURES           = IA32 X64 IPF EBC
#

[Sources]
  FreqCalc.c
  ReadTsc1.asm

[Packages]
  MdePkg/MdePkg.dec
  ShellPkg/ShellPkg.dec
  MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec

[LibraryClasses]
  UefiApplicationEntryPoint
  UefiLib
  PcdLib
  ShellCEntryLib
  ShellLib


[FeaturePcd]


[Pcd]

 

然后在FreqCalc.c 写成下面这样,特别注意要声明一下你用的那个汇编语言中的函数名

//
// FreqCalc.C
//

#include <Uefi.h>
#include <Library/UefiLib.h>
#include <Library/ShellLib.h>

EFI_SYSTEM_TABLE	*gST;
EFI_BOOT_SERVICES  	*gBS;

UINT64
EFIAPI
zReadTsc (
  VOID
);

//
// Entry point function - ShowVersion
//
EFI_STATUS
EFIAPI
UefiMain (
  IN EFI_HANDLE        ImageHandle,
  IN EFI_SYSTEM_TABLE  *SystemTable
  )
{

  UINT64  elsp;

  gST = SystemTable;
  gBS = SystemTable->BootServices;

  elsp=zReadTsc();

  gBS -> Stall(1000000);  
  Print(L"CPU Frequency: %ld \n",zReadTsc() - elsp);

  return EFI_SUCCESS;
}

 

然后还有一个ReadTsc1.asm (其实 uefi 里面提供了一个 x64的 ReadTsc.asm,可以直接使用,这里是为了让读者看的更清楚,取了一个不会重复的名称)

    .code

;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; UINT64
; EFIAPI
; zReadTsc (
;   VOID
;   );
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
zReadTsc  PROC
    rdtsc
    shl     rdx, 20h
    or      rax, rdx
    ret
zReadTsc  ENDP

    END

 

接下来就可以正常编译了,生成的 efi 文件会比 x64的大一些。然后我在实体机的 x64 shell下面运行成功。就是说上面的方法是没问题的。

FreqCalc

参考:

1.http://www.lab-z.com/rdtsc/ Step to UEFI (9)----使用RDTSC计算当前CPU 频率

2.http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1295452/why-does-msvc-not-support-inline-assembly-for-amd64-and-itanium-targets 简单解释,说x64下无法支持 _ASM汇编

3.http://biosren.com/viewthread.php?tid=6822&highlight=%C4%DA%C7%B6%2B%BB%E3%B1%E0 請問如何在EDK2的AppPkg裡面使用asm (有人问同样的问题)

4.http://www.biosren.com/thread-6632-1-1.html 給個UEFI 內嵌彙編的小程序吧? 本文的主要参考,其中介绍了如何写单独写一个ASM文件

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