Secure Boot 导致的蓝屏问题

最近在 Debug 一个问题,在刷坏了一个主板之后我更换了同型号的另外的主板。开机之后出现了无法进入系统的问题。

BSOD Message

试验无法进入安全模式。接下使用之前的 WinPe 盘【参考1】启动,查看上图提到的 SrtTrail.txt 内容如下:

Startup Repair diagnosis and repair log
---------------------------
Last successful boot time: ‎5/‎19/‎2020 11:39:04 PM (GMT)
Number of repair attempts: 1

Session details
---------------------------
System Disk = \Device\Harddisk0
Windows directory = C:\Windows
AutoChk Run = 0
Number of root causes = 1

Test Performed: 
---------------------------
Name: Check for updates
Result: Completed successfully. Error code =  0x0
Time taken = 0 ms

Test Performed: 
---------------------------
Name: System disk test
Result: Completed successfully. Error code =  0x0
Time taken = 0 ms

Test Performed: 
---------------------------
Name: Disk failure diagnosis
Result: Completed successfully. Error code =  0x0
Time taken = 0 ms

Test Performed: 
---------------------------
Name: Disk metadata test
Result: Completed successfully. Error code =  0x0
Time taken = 141 ms

Test Performed: 
---------------------------
Name: Disk metadata test
Result: Completed successfully. Error code =  0x0
Time taken = 0 ms

Test Performed: 
---------------------------
Name: Target OS test
Result: Completed successfully. Error code =  0x0
Time taken = 16 ms

Test Performed: 
---------------------------
Name: Volume content check
Result: Completed successfully. Error code =  0x0
Time taken = 31 ms

Test Performed: 
---------------------------
Name: Boot manager diagnosis
Result: Completed successfully. Error code =  0x0
Time taken = 0 ms

Test Performed: 
---------------------------
Name: System boot log diagnosis
Result: Completed successfully. Error code =  0x0
Time taken = 0 ms

Test Performed: 
---------------------------
Name: Event log diagnosis
Result: Completed successfully. Error code =  0x0
Time taken = 0 ms

Test Performed: 
---------------------------
Name: Internal state check
Result: Completed successfully. Error code =  0x0
Time taken = 0 ms

Test Performed: 
---------------------------
Name: Check for installed LCU
Result: Completed successfully. Error code =  0x0
Time taken = 4515 ms

Test Performed: 
---------------------------
Name: Check for installed driver updates
Result: Completed successfully. Error code =  0x0
Time taken = 750 ms

Test Performed: 
---------------------------
Name: Check for pending package install
Result: Completed successfully. Error code =  0x0
Time taken = 1625 ms

Test Performed: 
---------------------------
Name: Boot status test
Result: Completed successfully. Error code =  0x0
Time taken = 0 ms

Test Performed: 
---------------------------
Name: Setup state check
Result: Completed successfully. Error code =  0x0
Time taken = 94 ms

Test Performed: 
---------------------------
Name: Registry hives test
Result: Completed successfully. Error code =  0x0
Time taken = 469 ms

Test Performed: 
---------------------------
Name: Windows boot log diagnosis
Result: Completed successfully. Error code =  0x0
Time taken = 0 ms

Root cause found: 
---------------------------
Boot critical file c:\windows\system32\drivers\msdmfilt.sys is corrupt.

Repair action: File repair
Result: Failed. Error code =  0x57
Time taken = 1063 ms

---------------------------
---------------------------

从上面可以看到是因为 msdmfilt.sys 导致的,搜索了一下这个文件是 WTDF 的文件。没有办法进入安全模式也就没有办法卸载。忽然想起来可能是因为BIOS版本不同导致的。尝试启动到 Shell 来刷BIOS。但是又遇到数字签名不对的问题。这时候我意识到安装 WDTF 的时候 Secure Boot 是Disabled的,更换主板后默认是 Enabled。于是,进入 Setup 设置为 Dsiabled,问题就解决了。

参考:

1. http://www.lab-z.com/newghost/ Ghost 替代者,新的全盘备份工具

2.https://softwaretested.com/windows/how-to-fix-srttrail-txt-bsod-error-on-windows-10/ How to Fix SrtTrail.txt BSOD Error on Windows 10

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