Arduino 控制USB设备(9) FTDI串口

最近又开始玩 USB Host 模块,尝试 FTDI 的 USB 转串口。在实验之前,你需要确定手上的是 FTDI 的芯片,在设备管理器中可以简单的判断:

fdti

在 USB Host 库中,给出了一个 FTDI 的例子,这个例子实现的是 LoopBack 的功能:

#include <cdcftdi.h>
#include <usbhub.h>

#include "pgmstrings.h"

// Satisfy the IDE, which needs to see the include statment in the ino too.
#ifdef dobogusinclude
#include <spi4teensy3.h>
#include <SPI.h>
#endif

class FTDIAsync : public FTDIAsyncOper
{
public:
    uint8_t OnInit(FTDI *pftdi);
};

uint8_t FTDIAsync::OnInit(FTDI *pftdi)
{
    uint8_t rcode = 0;

    rcode = pftdi->SetBaudRate(115200);

    if (rcode)
    {
        ErrorMessage<uint8_t>(PSTR("SetBaudRate"), rcode);
        return rcode;
    }
    rcode = pftdi->SetFlowControl(FTDI_SIO_DISABLE_FLOW_CTRL);

    if (rcode)
        ErrorMessage<uint8_t>(PSTR("SetFlowControl"), rcode);

    return rcode;
}

USB              Usb;
//USBHub         Hub(&Usb);
FTDIAsync        FtdiAsync;
FTDI             Ftdi(&Usb, &FtdiAsync);

uint32_t next_time;

void setup()
{
  Serial.begin( 115200 );
#if !defined(__MIPSEL__)
  while (!Serial); // Wait for serial port to connect - used on Leonardo, Teensy and other boards with built-in USB CDC serial connection
#endif
  Serial.println("Start");

  if (Usb.Init() == -1)
      Serial.println("OSC did not start.");

  delay( 200 );

  next_time = millis() + 5000;
}

void loop()
{
    Usb.Task();

    if( Usb.getUsbTaskState() == USB_STATE_RUNNING )
    {
        uint8_t  rcode;
        char strbuf[] = "DEADBEEF";
        //char strbuf[] = "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog";
        //char strbuf[] = "This string contains 61 character to demonstrate FTDI buffers"; //add one symbol to it to see some garbage
        Serial.print(".");

        rcode = Ftdi.SndData(strlen(strbuf), (uint8_t*)strbuf);

	if (rcode)
            ErrorMessage<uint8_t>(PSTR("SndData"), rcode);

        delay(50);

        uint8_t  buf[64];

        for (uint8_t i=0; i<64; i++)
            buf[i] = 0;

        uint16_t rcvd = 64;
        rcode = Ftdi.RcvData(&rcvd, buf);

        if (rcode && rcode != hrNAK)
            ErrorMessage<uint8_t>(PSTR("Ret"), rcode);

        // The device reserves the first two bytes of data
        //   to contain the current values of the modem and line status registers.
        if (rcvd > 2)
            Serial.print((char*)(buf+2));

        delay(10);
    }
}

 

使用的时候,需要将模块的 RX 和 TX 接到一起:

ftdt

运行结果:

ftdiloop

接下来试试实现接收,将2个USB 串口接在一起,RX/TX交叉,GND也要接在一起

ft3

最好先在 PC 上确定连接正确能够正常收发:

ftdi1

接收的代码如下:

#include <cdcftdi.h>
#include <usbhub.h>

#include "pgmstrings.h"

// Satisfy the IDE, which needs to see the include statment in the ino too.
#ifdef dobogusinclude
#include <spi4teensy3.h>
#include <SPI.h>
#endif

class FTDIAsync : public FTDIAsyncOper
{
public:
    uint8_t OnInit(FTDI *pftdi);
};

uint8_t FTDIAsync::OnInit(FTDI *pftdi)
{
    uint8_t rcode = 0;

    rcode = pftdi->SetBaudRate(115200);

    if (rcode)
    {
        ErrorMessage<uint8_t>(PSTR("SetBaudRate"), rcode);
        return rcode;
    }
    rcode = pftdi->SetFlowControl(FTDI_SIO_DISABLE_FLOW_CTRL);

    if (rcode)
        ErrorMessage<uint8_t>(PSTR("SetFlowControl"), rcode);

    return rcode;
}

USB              Usb;
//USBHub         Hub(&Usb);
FTDIAsync        FtdiAsync;
FTDI             Ftdi(&Usb, &FtdiAsync);

uint32_t next_time;

void setup()
{
  Serial.begin( 115200 );
#if !defined(__MIPSEL__)
  while (!Serial); // Wait for serial port to connect - used on Leonardo, Teensy and other boards with built-in USB CDC serial connection
#endif
  Serial.println("Start");

  if (Usb.Init() == -1)
      Serial.println("OSC did not start.");

  delay( 200 );

  next_time = millis() + 5000;
}

void loop()
{
    Usb.Task();

    if( Usb.getUsbTaskState() == USB_STATE_RUNNING )
    {
        uint8_t  rcode;
        uint8_t  buf[64];

        for (uint8_t i=0; i<64; i++)
            buf[i] = 0;

        uint16_t rcvd = 64;
        rcode = Ftdi.RcvData(&rcvd, buf);

        if (rcode && rcode != hrNAK)
            ErrorMessage<uint8_t>(PSTR("Ret"), rcode);

        if (rcvd>2) {
          for (int Index=0;Index<rcvd;Index++) {
              Serial.print(buf[Index],HEX);
              Serial.print(" ");
          }
        }  
    }
}

 

最后,从PC端可以发送,在 Arduino 端可以正常解析出来

fdt3

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