VC Console 读取 WMI 的例子

来自 https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa390423(v=vs.85).aspx

特别注意取得的 WMI 的 String 是 Unicode 的,输出时需要使用 %ls

#include “stdafx.h”

#define _WIN32_DCOM
#include
#include

#pragma comment(lib, “wbemuuid.lib”)

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
HRESULT hres;

// Step 1: ————————————————–
// Initialize COM. ——————————————

hres = CoInitializeEx(0, COINIT_MULTITHREADED);
if (FAILED(hres))
{
printf(“Failed to initialize COM library. Error code”);
return 1; // Program has failed.
}

// Step 2: ————————————————–
// Set general COM security levels ————————–

hres = CoInitializeSecurity(
NULL,
-1, // COM authentication
NULL, // Authentication services
NULL, // Reserved
RPC_C_AUTHN_LEVEL_DEFAULT, // Default authentication
RPC_C_IMP_LEVEL_IMPERSONATE, // Default Impersonation
NULL, // Authentication info
EOAC_NONE, // Additional capabilities
NULL // Reserved
);

if (FAILED(hres))
{
printf(“Failed to initialize security. Error code = 0x”);
CoUninitialize();
return 1; // Program has failed.
}

// Step 3: —————————————————
// Obtain the initial locator to WMI ————————-

IWbemLocator *pLoc = NULL;

hres = CoCreateInstance(
CLSID_WbemLocator,
0,
CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER,
IID_IWbemLocator, (LPVOID *)&pLoc);

if (FAILED(hres))
{
printf(“Failed to create IWbemLocator object.”);
CoUninitialize();
return 1; // Program has failed.
}

// Step 4: —————————————————–
// Connect to WMI through the IWbemLocator::ConnectServer method

IWbemServices *pSvc = NULL;

// Connect to the root\cimv2 namespace with
// the current user and obtain pointer pSvc
// to make IWbemServices calls.
hres = pLoc->ConnectServer(
_bstr_t(L”ROOT\\CIMV2″), // Object path of WMI namespace
NULL, // User name. NULL = current user
NULL, // User password. NULL = current
0, // Locale. NULL indicates current
NULL, // Security flags.
0, // Authority (for example, Kerberos)
0, // Context object
&pSvc // pointer to IWbemServices proxy
);

if (FAILED(hres))
{
printf(“Could not connect. Error code = 0x”);
pLoc->Release();
CoUninitialize();
return 1; // Program has failed.
}

printf(“Connected to ROOT\\CIMV2 WMI namespace”);

// Step 5: ————————————————–
// Set security levels on the proxy ————————-

hres = CoSetProxyBlanket(
pSvc, // Indicates the proxy to set
RPC_C_AUTHN_WINNT, // RPC_C_AUTHN_xxx
RPC_C_AUTHZ_NONE, // RPC_C_AUTHZ_xxx
NULL, // Server principal name
RPC_C_AUTHN_LEVEL_CALL, // RPC_C_AUTHN_LEVEL_xxx
RPC_C_IMP_LEVEL_IMPERSONATE, // RPC_C_IMP_LEVEL_xxx
NULL, // client identity
EOAC_NONE // proxy capabilities
);

if (FAILED(hres))
{
printf(“Could not set proxy blanket. Error code = 0x”);
pSvc->Release();
pLoc->Release();
CoUninitialize();
return 1; // Program has failed.
}

// Step 6: ————————————————–
// Use the IWbemServices pointer to make requests of WMI —-

// For example, get the name of the operating system
IEnumWbemClassObject* pEnumerator = NULL;
hres = pSvc->ExecQuery(
bstr_t(“WQL”),
bstr_t(“SELECT * FROM Win32_OperatingSystem”),
WBEM_FLAG_FORWARD_ONLY | WBEM_FLAG_RETURN_IMMEDIATELY,
NULL,
&pEnumerator);

if (FAILED(hres))
{
printf(“Query for operating system name failed.”);
pSvc->Release();
pLoc->Release();
CoUninitialize();
return 1; // Program has failed.
}

// Step 7: ————————————————-
// Get the data from the query in step 6 ——————-

IWbemClassObject *pclsObj = NULL;
ULONG uReturn = 0;

while (pEnumerator)
{
HRESULT hr = pEnumerator->Next(WBEM_INFINITE, 1,
&pclsObj, &uReturn);

if (0 == uReturn)
{
break;
}

VARIANT vtProp;

// Get the value of the Name property
hr = pclsObj->Get(L”Name”, 0, &vtProp, 0, 0);
//wcout << " OS Name : " << vtProp.bstrVal << endl; printf(" OS Name : %ls\n", vtProp.bstrVal); VariantClear(&vtProp); pclsObj->Release();
}

// Cleanup
// ========

pSvc->Release();
pLoc->Release();
pEnumerator->Release();
CoUninitialize();

system(“PAUSE”);
return 0; // Program successfully completed.

}

运行结果 (VS2015 Windows 10 RS1)

Capture

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